/ / Beslet bridge

Beslet bridge

Beslet bridge as an important military-strategic object has been used in all probability in the XI-XII centuries. This is evidenced by not only its architecture, but also the results of a study of the inscriptions on the stone side of the bridge, executed in ancient Georgian asomtavruli, Christian content.

How to prove the historians that explores the region through the valley of the river Basla (Basla) passed an important transportation route connecting several valleys. In connection with the mountainous nature of the local rivers, fording of a large number of people and goods was difficult or impossible in the period of snow melting in the mountains, so the only solution was the construction of the bridge.

Besleme bridge, or Bridge of Queen Tamara, was built by all the canons of architectural art in the form of a stone single-span (that is, reference) of the arch. Difficult was of local stone, limestone, each plate of the arch gave a wedge shape, so after removing the formwork of the Central plate was compressed between the stronger, the greater the load applied to them. The span has a length of 13 meters and a shore supports the entire length of the bridge is 35 meters. The surface of the roadway raised above the water almost 9 meters, which reduces the value of the slope of the road on both sides of the bridge, and a five-meter width is allowed to use it for double-row movement.

Despite the eight centuries of its very non-Museum existence in the harsh mountain conditions, the bridge now has a permitted capacity of 8 tons. The secret to his longevity-not only in art designers, but also the ability of builders who can choose the stone material of sufficient strength. In addition, the stone in those days was laid on the lime mortar with the addition of egg white, which gave him tremendous strength and durability.