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Gobustan state historical-artistic reserve

Photos and description

Gobustan state historical-artistic reserve is located in the Eastern part of Azerbaijan, 60 km South of Baku. The word "Gobustan" comes from two words "Goba" and "Stan". "Stan" means "place" and the word "Gobu" in Turkic language means "a dry wide riverbed" or "the ravine".

Gobustan historical-artistic reserve is a large area, rich in ravines and gullies. The total area of the reserve is 537 hectares. there remained a huge amount of evidence of a person's life, starting with X-VIII Millennium BC till the middle ages - the rock carvings, ruins of sites of ancient people, as well as a huge prehistoric dolmen. In addition, the rocks of Gobustan are stored in a memory of the stay here of the Roman legionaries.

The first archaeological excavations on the territory of the reserve was carried out in the 30-ies of XX century It was found about 3500 rock paintings of signs, images, and drawings, as well as holes in rocks and man-made pits. In 1965, a study of the historical monuments of Gobustan was engaged in a special scientific expedition conducted archaeological research for about 20 homes and shelters, over 40 mounds. Then it was discovered, and was up to 300 petroglyphs. In September 1966, the Gobustan received the status of nature reserve.

Of particular interest to tourists is located in the North-East slope of mount Jingirdag one of the monuments of the archaeological reserve - an ancient musical instrument - stone Gavaldash. When it hit the stone emits different harmonic sounds and all this is due to the fact that it is a hovercraft.

On the rocks of Gobustan you can see more than 400 ancient Cup indentations that were made with hard stone tools. Researchers attribute these holes to the Neolithic period. The holes were used for collecting rainwater, the blood of sacrificed animals and for other purposes.

Also on the territory of the Gobustan state historical-artistic reserve is a lot of sanctuaries, including "Sophie Novruz", "Gara Atli", "Sophie Hamid", etc. with regard to animal life and vegetation of the reserve, its area is quite poor.