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Archipelago Cagarras

Cagarras archipelago located in the Atlantic ocean, not far from the city and state of Rio de Janeiro, five kilometers South of the famous Ipanema beach. The archipelago consists of Islands and rocks, the largest of Pilate, Cagarra, Comprida, Palmas.

There is no consensus among scientists about the origin of the name of the archipelago. The most common version says that the name is due to the large amount of excrement of sea birds that live, nest and feed in the Islands, painting the rocky slopes of the Islands white. In 1730 the main island of the archipelago was marked on the navigation map with the Frenchified name of "Сagade Ilha". In another letter, dated 1767, the company, on the same map the island was called in Portuguese "Ilha Cagado". Another version connects the name of the archipelago of the bird species of Shearwater (cagarro), living on the archipelago of Madeira and the Azores, but not living in Brazil.

The island is popular with fishermen, there are cold currents, rich in fish, and tourists - on the area of the archipelago is home to many birds. The highest of the Islands, Cagarra, 79 m, is used by some climbers for practice climbs. Transparent coastal waters, sandy bottom with isolated rocks, the depth varies from eight metres at the Eastern end, up to 22 meters in the extreme West.

The island is characterized by Palm trees, of course, huge palm trees and abundant vegetation. On its southern shore are at the ends of two submerged plates, which are visible by storm or low tide. North-West side with views of Ipanema very beautiful, but polluted.

Comprida, the longest of a group of Islands, it is easiest to land. It has a large number of vultures. In the North-West the vegetation comes very close to the sea, the depth of coastal waters is 3-15 m. in addition, it is the most peaceful place in the archipelago: tourist and fishing boats frequently anchor here. Furthermore, dolphins often swim here. The South side is much more wild and deep, up to 35 meters. In the North-East Comprida is a narrow channel that separates it from the rocks Praca Onze. In the extreme South-West, over the water is also the peak of the island, 74 meters in height.

A walk to the archipelago is to go accompanied by an experienced pilot and know the coastal waters of the people. Sharp rocks and the differences in depth, difficult terrain of the coastline led to the collapse of a considerable number of fishing and tourist boats and ships.

13 APR 2010 the acting President signed a decree creating a "National reserve Cagarras" with the aim of protecting the ecosystem. Nevertheless, the emissions of sewage from Ipanema and all of southern Rio de Janeiro for the sewer system of the 1970-ies has not stopped.