/ / The Iguaçu Falls

The Iguaçu Falls

The iguaçu falls located on the eponymous river in South America, on the border of Argentina and Brazil. The name Iguazu from the Indian means "big water". Legend has it that when God wanted to marry a beautiful aboriginal woman named Nayp, she chose to elope with another in a canoe. God was angry, divided the river and created the waterfalls, condemning escaped to an eternal fall.

The Iguazu falls are rightly called one of the 7 wonders of the world, as it is the widest and most powerful waterfall on Earth (the width reaches 2700 meters). Parameters Iguazu in sources different: the height of the cascades ranges from 72 to 86 meters. Information differing with respect to the width and flow of water, some sources say about 3 km, while others insist on 4 km. water Flow is indicated from 10 to 14 thousand cubic meters per second.

Iguazu consists of 275 two-stage cascades. The height of each is 85 meters. The main cascades also differ: according to one 28, others 18-21. One of the main cascades located at the head of an arc is the border between Argentina and Brazil.

The Spanish Conquistador don Alvaro Nunez de Baca Caseco was the first European saw the waterfall. He moved with a group in a westerly direction and crossed the Brazilian highlands, went to the waterfall. His name was immortalized on a stone slab near the cascade Rayahari. The Spanish Conquistador was very religious, seeing this Grand phenomenon of nature, he called it, the Salto de Santa Maria (St. Mary's Leap). But the name did not stick.

Spanish court is not interested in the report of the De Tank on the waterfall, and the falls were forgotten for several centuries. The first map of this area was drawn only in the late 19th century.

Now Iguazu is one of the most famous attractions of Brazil. For tourists coming here from all over the world laid bridges with a total length of 2 km it connects the Islands that protrude from the swirling water of the abyss. One of these paths leads directly to the center of the stream, but this is not a safe journey. The air shock wave is able to throw even approximating very close to the waterfall jets.

All cascades have their sonorous names. From Argentina - Ramirez, Ayagari, Two Sisters, Belgrano, mitre, Two, and Three Musketeers, Adam and eve, Rivadavia, Salto ESCONDIDO, and others. From Brazil Benjamin - constant, Salto Floriano, Union, and others.

To save the waterfall in the future, the governments of Argentina and Brazil issued a decree on the establishment of national parks in Iguazu. From Brazil 180 thousand hectares was included in the reserve. In the Iguazu national Park grow argan tree, palm trees, inhabited by tapirs, hummingbirds, monkeys and rare butterflies of large size.

Near the waterfall there is a small village, a few hotel complexes, including hotels, bars, restaurants and the airport.