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Varna necropolis

Photo and description: Varna necropolis

The Varna necropolis is an ancient burial accidentally discovered in the industrial area of Varna city. Tellingly, the discovered tombs were accidentally, during work on laying of cable in 1972: one of the excavator noticed in the bowl of the ladle part of ceramics and gold jewelry. The staff of the archaeological Museum of Varna, learning about the findings immediately commenced digging. For ten years he conducted excavations, the area which now reaches 7500 sq m, the total number of graves - 294. However, from the supposed necropolis, the area is only two-thirds.

There were gold objects in the 3000, with a total weight of over 6 kg and not less than 600 samples of ceramic products.

One can often hear that the Varna necropolis is also called chalcolite, Dating it by the end of the fifth Millennium BC, and suggest that it was used about 200 years. However, depending on the method of estimating the age of the spread over time comes out to about 500 years. The antiquity of the finds in Varna, can be of cultural significance to compare with the Egyptian and mejdurechye finds. Varna necropolis has also given the name existed before the culture of this region, its called culture Varna.

In the course of excavations the scientists found several types of graves: two types with the burial of bodies in different poses, and the third type - symbolic of burial - graves with missing bodies, i.e. the cenotaphs.

The most richly decorated tombs where people were buried lying on his back at full length. It is assumed that the symbolic burial was created due to the fact that it was not possible to find or deliver the body of a deceased person. In such graves were stacked decorated copy of the human heads out of clay.

In addition to jewelry, in every grave, scientists have found samples of pottery and tools that would be needed for the dead in the afterlife. Also among the findings are the idols and talismans (anthropomorphic and zoomorphic).