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Angkor Wat

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Angkor Wat is the largest religious building in the world, created in the 12th century as a temple complex, dedicated to the Hindu God Vishnu. Covering an area of 5.5 kilometers North Siemriep, who later became a Buddhist, Angkor Wat was near Khmer capital of Angkor. On the alleged assessments, it covered an area of about 3000 sq km and the population, according to some scholars, reached 500 thousand people that made the city the largest settlement of people of that era. Residence of the Khmer king Suryavarman II in Angkor after the death of the monarch became his mausoleum.

The Angkor Wat is perfectly preserved since the founding and to this day remains a significant religious center. The temple is the pinnacle of traditional Khmer architecture, a symbol of Cambodia, the image of the complex is present on the flag since the 19th century.

Angkor Wat combines two basic techniques of the temple of Khmer architecture: the temple mountain and multi-storey buildings around. The key structure is intended to represent the abode of the gods - a fantastic mount Meru, and a number of galleries - the mortal world. The height of three rectangular buildings increases when approaching the center. The whole ensemble is surrounded by a moat, its width is 190 meters and a length of 3.6 kilometers. The buildings inside look like the five towers in the form of a Lotus flower, decorated with sculptures, reliefs and ornaments; the main towers above the other buildings on, 42 m, total height of structure - 65 m. In the XV century Angkor Wat fell into disrepair due to the fact that no longer be used.

The temple of Angkor Wat for the Western world, opened in 1861, the Frenchman Henri Muo traveling and exploring Cambodia. During the war waged in the country in 1970, separate buildings in the complex were destroyed. Starting in 1986 and 1992, was renovated with respect for ancient construction technologies and the use of appropriate materials. Since 1992, the Angkor Wat is under the auspices of UNESCO and is the main attraction of the country.