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Parliament hill

Photos and description

In the mid-19th century Upper Canada (Ontario) and lower Canada (Quebec) finally merged, and the question arose about the choice of a single capital. However, given the confrontation between French-speaking and English-speaking region, to make a choice was not easy. Considered and the option "mobile" in the capital, but as this project promised to be quite expensive, it never got majority support. As a result, the decision was referred to the Queen Victoria, and in 1857 was published the decree according to which the capital was the city of BAYTOWN (now known as Ottawa). This decision was taken, including the location of the city (actually on the border of Upper and Lower Canada), good transport links, as well as mixed Anglo and Francophone population.

In 1859, towering on the South Bank of the Ottawa river a picturesque hill, began construction of a grandiose complex of buildings in neo-Gothic style - a new home the government of Canada, later called "Parliament hill". The Central unit of the complex and its bell tower known as the "Victoria Tower" was completed by 1866, the Parliament began its work in the new building. The construction of the parliamentary complex lasted more than a decade.

In February 1916 in the devastating fire in the Central unit was almost completely destroyed by fire. Almost immediately after the fire, work began on the project of the new building, and in September 1916 was laid the Foundation stone and construction began. New Central unit, in order to maintain a unified architectural ensemble was built in the image and likeness of the original building. In 1927, construction was completed on the memorial to the Canadians who died during the First world war - the so-called peace Tower, built on the site of Victoria Tower. Work on the interior of the Central unit continued until the 70-ies of the 20th century.

Today, Parliament hill is an important historical and architectural monument and one of the most popular attractions of Ottawa. Near king's gate is the famous "Centennial Flame" - the original fountain in the center of which since 1967 the eternal flame (the truth, the fire burns not always - sometimes for technical reasons or due to bad weather conditions it was quenched). In the territory Parliament hill, you will also see many different statues (Queen Victoria, Queen Elizabeth II, Georges-Etienne Cartier, John A. MacDonald, Alexander Mackenzie, etc.), memorial Canadian police and the well-preserved cast in 1875, the bell tower of Vic, as the memory of a terrible fire and the first Parliament building of Canada. The area in front of the Central block is one of the main areas of Ottawa to conduct various cultural and social events, including the annual solemn festivities in honor of Canada Day.