/ / The Museum of the stelae (Stone forest)

The Museum of the stelae (Stone forest)

Photos and description

The Museum of the stelae (Stone forest) opened in XI'an, in 1944, during the reign of the Imperial dynasty. The Museum has become widely known in the world and in China through a rich collection of unusual stone columns. The Museum houses more than a thousand columns with inscriptions from the time of the Han dynasty (206-220 BC) to the Qing dynasty (1644-1912)..

The Museum's area is 31 thousand square meters, and the whole territory is divided into 7 exhibition halls. It presents historical documents, stone carvings, samples of ancient calligraphy.

In the first room focuses on the texts of Confucius. Excerpts of these texts are on the 14 stelae of stone. Among these works are "Book of Changes", "Book of Songs" "the Analects" of Confucius and other works. The inscriptions on the stones there are more than 2 thousand years ago.

Exhibition hall 2 showcases the stone steles on which are shown the best samples of calligraphy. The authors of these calligraphic specimens are the famous masters who lived during the time of the reign of the Imperial Tang dynasty.

In the third hall also presented a calligraphic work. On stelae of this Department applied the texts of variants of classical calligraphy and hieroglyphics. Also presents various versions of the fonts that were used in the cursive documents, cursive and regular letters. These images give visitors a full idea of how it was developed Chinese writing.

In the fourth hall there are the stone sculptures. There are exhibited more than 200 exhibits, created during the reign of the Emperor Han dynasty, that is, 206-220 BC, as well as those that were created in the epoch of the Tang dynasty (618-907). In this Department a lot of images of Confucius, Buddhist Scriptures Tang dynasty, and many other relics.

The fifth hall is the Stela with applied inscriptions telling about the historical facts of the period from the song to Qing dynasties. It was after this era ended the Imperial period of China.

In the sixth and seventh room presents poems, and monuments of ancient classic literature, and more.