/ / Risnjak national Park

Risnjak national Park

Photos and description

Risnjak - a jewel among parks in Croatia. Risnjak not as well known as Plitvice or Krka, but it impresses visitors with landscapes, forests and awesome beauty of the Alpine meadows. Risnjak is located in Gorski Kotar the small region, which is located in the North of the Kvarner Bay. The southern boundary of the Park is separated from the Adriatic coast only 15 km away.

The Park was created to protect the unique nature of this region. The idea of a Park made famous Croatian scientist, botanist Ivo Horvat. In 1953 the territory of 30 square km was declared a national Park, and in 1997 the area was enlarged by the addition of the massif śnieżnik and the upper course of the river Kupa.

In the Park there are no tourist facilities except a small hotel and restaurant. In General, in the Park, holding of 63.5 sq km prohibited any human intervention in the environment.

On the territory of the Park is dominated by Mediterranean climate. On the one hand the role played by the proximity of the Adriatic sea, but also to the territory affected by the cold continental winds from Dinarid. Therefore, weather conditions is quite specific due to the collision of air masses of different temperature.

The best time to visit the Park is summer. The average temperature of the air warms up to 20 degrees. This pleasant weather combined with the season, which is characterized by rain or long winters with lots of snow. The maximum density of clouds falls on November-December.

Due to the changeable climate in certain types of plants are found here in various varieties. Much of the area is covered with spruce, beech, alternating with pine forests. There are also ash trees, plane trees, maples, oaks, and yews. Of the rare plants are rhododendron, Edelweiss and orchids.

The fauna of Risnjak is also varied. In Europe it is difficult to meet forest filled with tourists, making it Risnjak an attractive location for many large animals. It is home to lynx, brown bear, wolf, etc. They get along well in the Park, along with smaller animals that become their food. Such natural balance, greatly facilitated by the absence of human activity. The population of these species in recent years is increasing.

For tourists developed special routes, which can be overcome including those on bikes, enjoying the local scenery and the tranquility of the forest.