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Fort Lovrjenac

Photos and description

Fort Lovrjenac (St. Lawrence) is located outside the city walls of Dubrovnik, at the Western entrance to it. The Fort is a magnificent fortress built on the steep cliffs, the height of which is equal to 37 meters above sea level. About the Fort and its defenders, a lot of legends and stories.

Fort Lovrjenac protects the West of Dubrovnik, both with marine and continental. Together with Fort Bokar they protect the Harbor Calorina, the oldest in the city.

According to historians of Dubrovnik, Fort Lovrjenac was built in such an inaccessible place in the 11th century by the townspeople, who wanted to protect their city from the Venetians, in which the plans included the construction of a large fortress and hold power over the city. According to historical records, the Fort was built in three months. When the Venetians brought the materials to build their fortress, they found that the people of Dubrovnik had outwitted them.

The walls of the Fort have a thickness of from 4 to 12 metres from the Northern, Western and South-Western sides, i.e., from possible attack. Face the East wall, which is on the side of the city, has a relatively small thickness, only 60 centimeters. This was done to prevent attempts to seize power from the commander of the Fort (who always belonged to the aristocracy). If the commander decided to hold the Fort inside the Fort and oppose the legitimate government of the Republic of Dubrovinsky, artillery wouldn't be hard to break through the wall of the Fort from inside and arrest him.

The armament of the Fort consisted of Lovrenc guns, the biggest of which is "Guster" (which means "lizard"). "Guster" was made by Ivan Rabljanin, cannon maker, and is considered a masterpiece in this area.

Over time the Fort renovated several times and performed other functions. For example, during the Austrian occupation there was located a military base, he was later a hotel, and in 1933, the year here was held the meeting of the Pen club, which included prominent writers. At Fort Lovinac staged a variety of performances, he is considered one of the best stages for productions of "hamlet" by Shakespeare.