/ / The ruins of the Roman Salons

The ruins of the Roman Salons

Photos and description

The majestic ruins, occupying a large area of land near split, surrounded by modern developments and fields - so now is a once-thriving Roman city of Salona.

Salon - the ancient city of the Illyrians, which was the center of the province of Illyria. Because of its significant economic and strategic importance, the Salon is the capital of the Roman province of Dalmatia. The city flourished as a center of Commerce and governance. The Governor Salons began active construction of five roads that connected the city with other parts of the region, and the province's borders. The greatest heyday of the city occurred in the reign of the Emperor Diocletian. In the second century BC the population of the Salons had about 60 000 people. 295 Emperor Diocletian voluntarily gave up his throne to a pair of heirs and moved to the magnificent Palace he had built for himself five kilometers from Salons. Diocletian was a successful Emperor, but the days of the Roman Empire were numbered.

In the period between the 5th and 6th centuries. the Salon is an important Christian center. The city was badly damaged during the invasion of Avars and Slavs in 614, and 639 Diocletian's Palace was again occupied by the Romans.

The Illyrian city centre has been found quite recently. Part of the city wall with gateway and towers have been preserved from the first Roman period. The city expanded rapidly to the East and the West, and in the second century was surrounded by new walls. The forum was located in the city center, near the sea. Near the town you can find remains of buildings of the theatres, and baths, which in the first century was built outside the city.

One of the most interesting surviving monuments is the Foundation of the ancient amphitheatre, which was built in the second century, in the North-Western part of the city. The amphitheatre in the Cabin was designed to seat between 18,000-20,000 people at a time. The sad fact is that until the 17th century the amphitheatre was almost intact up until the Venetians destroyed it out of fear that the Turks will return and use it as a quarry for strengthening.

Salon is a very interesting place which is still not fully excavated by archaeologists. Underground houses lots of relics and treasures that are sure to be found by future generations.