/ / The Museum of naive art and modern art Gallery

The Museum of naive art and modern art Gallery

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The Museum of naive art - Museum of fine arts in Zagreb, devoted to the work of naive artists of the 20th century. The Museum Fund consists of more than 1,850 works of art, including paintings, drawings, sculptures and engravings are mostly Croats, but there are other well-known international artists of this genre.

In 1952 in Zagreb was founded Peasant art Gallery. In 1956 it was known as the Gallery of primitive art and was part of the Municipal Gallery (now Gallery of modern art). Since 1994, in accordance with the decision of the Croatian Parliament, the Museum called the Croatian Museum of Naive Art. The Museum works according to strict museological principles, and is considered the world's first Museum of Naive Art. Since 2002, the Museum focused on coverage of schools and students and the intensification of education each year prior to the International day of the Museum.

Naive, or primitive, primitive art is an independent segment of art of the 20th century. Naive art appeared in Croatia at the beginning of 30-ies. Naive art was originally associated with the works of peasants and workers, of which the most successful over time, became professional artists. To the naive art is represented by works by artists that are somehow self-taught, have not undergone special training, but who have reached a high level of art. Recognizable individual style and poetic nature distinguishes naive artists from "fans". The vision of the artist-primitivist typically display unusual proportions and certain non-Boolean form and space. Thus, the artists Express their free creative imagination by analogy with other areas of 20th-century art, such as symbolism, expressionism, cubism and surrealism.

In Croatia, naive art is also seen as a democratic movement, which proves that, regardless of formal training, anyone can create a work of art. The overall themes of the work include such as "joy of life", "lost childhood" "in the world", etc.

In the Museum collection, the focus is on Croatian artists famous Chlebinska school, and also some independent artists. The collection of work, starting in 1930. Known generalić was one of the first naive artists in Croatia, who developed a distinct creative style and have attained a high professional level in his art. In the 30-ies is dominated by social issues, while in later works show an idealistic landscapes that give the imagination greater scope than image just open space. The work of the second generation Chlebinska school artists (50-60) include the figures of the burlesque and the grotesque, as well as works inspired by biblical topics, with a strong use of colors.

The Museum organizes special thematic exhibitions focusing on individual artists or to highlight certain aspects of naive art.

In the gallery of modern art exhibited the most complete collection of paintings, sculptures and drawings 19th-20th centuries Croatian artists. The collection numbers around 10,000 works of art from 1934 in the historic Palace Vranyczany in the centre of Zagreb.

Gallery of modern art, and originally national for Croatian art, dates from the early 1900's, when it was founded the artistic society of the paintings and sculptures acquired by their members, as well as donations from Bishop Strossmayer. In 1905 was purchased 3 works in Foundation future Gallery of contemporary art. The collection grew gradually and until 1914 was presented only to interested parties. As the collection expanded, in 1934, the gallery moved into its present building. Vranyczany Palace was built in 1882. Great techniques of the past were replaced by the contemplative atmosphere of the Gallery of modern art.

Complete reconstruction of the Palace took place from 1993 to 2005, when the current exhibition was presented to the public. Two floors of the Palace became equipped contemporary galleries, showing visitors a permanent collection of Croatian modern paintings and sculptures. In a completely renovated historical rooms, the gallery presents "200 years of Croatian fine arts (1800-2000)", a representative selection of 650-700 of the best artists, sculptors and manufacturers of medals. Gallery of modern art has become the best known and most complete Museum of Croatian modern art. Since 1960, there are retrospective and monographic exhibitions of works by famous Croatian artists as well as theme exhibitions of Croatian and European modern art.

In addition to the permanent exhibition, the Gallery of Modern art holds a special exhibition. In 2009 he created a multi-sensory Tactile Gallery, which aims to help visually impaired visitors to experience the main features of the Croatian modern art through touch and sound.

In 2010 was opened a new multimedia exhibition entitled "the iconography of the cities in the Croatian art of the first half of the 20th century." The viewer presents the motif of the city in drawing, painting, graphics, artistic photos: on posters and in films, in literature and music. The exhibition includes more than 150 works.