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Brijuni Islands

Photos and description

Brijuni Islands - several Islands, located in the Northern part of the Adriatic, off the West coast of Istria. Since 1983, they declared a national Park. Part Brunow consists of 14 Islands, the total area of 36.3 sq. km of heavily indented Coast, their total length of about 37,8 km away From the mainland of the island separates the Strait of fažana. The large Islands are considered a Great Brion (about 6 sq km) and Small Brian (about 2 sq km).

The Islands are dominated by a thick layer of red soil, which combined with high humidity and temperate climate creates favorable conditions for the development of subtropical vegetation. There are pines, oaks, laurels, rosemary, makindye trees. There are also rare tree species pine, eucalyptus, cedar, oleander, etc. Brunov Evergreen forests are considered the most beautiful in Croatia. In the water are common sea urchins, which are a sign of purity of the local water.

Brijuni inhabited since ancient times, the first traces of humans in this area date back to 3000 a year and are Bronzovogo century. In this area, at different times, Romans, Ostrogoths, Byzantines, Celts, Illyrians, etc.

On-site Brunow are the following historical monuments: the Roman prison, a Roman Palace 3-2 in BC, the temple of Venus, Basilica of St. Mary 5th-6th centuries, the Byzantine Castrum, the Church of SV. Herman the 15th century.

Until the 19th century the Islands were mainly used as stone quarries. Some time they belonged to Venice, and then was annexed to the Illyrian provinces of the French Empire of Napoleon Bonaparte. In 1815 the Islands became part of the Austrian Empire. The stone, which was quarried in this area were delivered to Berlin and Vienna.

After the construction of a military base in Pula in Brijuni began the construction of batteries and bastions. Were built FORTS on the Small island Brian and a few small FORTS on the Big Brine.

In 1978 in the North of the Big Briana was created by the Safari Park, with a total area of 9 hectares. It is inhabited by zebras, deer and other exotic animals. Some of these animals were donated by heads of state. Indira Gandhi in 1970 presented to the Park two Indian elephants.