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Ancient Kition

Photos and description

Ancient Kition, which is considered at the moment is not only one of the most ancient cities of Cyprus, but of the whole world, was located on the territory of modern Larnaca. This city-state, even there is mention in the Bible - there he is called Kitim. According to one version, the founder of this city was the great-grandson of the notorious Noah, who was called Kittila.

At the site, which began in 1920, has been found evidence that in the years 1400-1100 BC the area was inhabited by the Phoenicians and the Mycenaeans. It is believed that the city itself was built around the year 1200 BC Mycenaean Greeks. They have built a unique temple complex consisting of five buildings and the surrounding city walls which were built of huge stone blocks.

The city has experienced several periods of decline and flourishing, which have been linked to numerous attacks of various peoples - Egyptians, Persians, Assyrians. The peak of the development of Kition is considered to be the Phoenician period. In addition, that the Phoenicians rebuilt the city which was almost completely destroyed after a strong earthquake, so they brought to the area more developed civilization with a rich culture and Maritime trade.

During the excavation of Kition, the archaeologists have found many objects left behind by the people - remains of buildings, pottery, statues, fragments of inscriptions on various surfaces. But the most significant finding considered to be the ruins of a temple dedicated to the goddess of love and fertility, Astarte, who was worshipped by the Phoenicians as the main female deity. In addition, also found were copper workshops, tombs and shrines.

All these findings can be seen in the public museums, which were equipped at the site and in the Archaeological Museum of Larnaca.