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The tombs of the nobles

Aswan in ancient times was not a city, the people of this period lived around elephantine island, where lived the rulers and kings of Nubia. For this reason, the necropolis of the kings and the Royal family of Nubia was located near the island, in the place which is today known as the tombs of the nobles in Aswan.

Located in the heart of the West Bank of the Nile, the burial was well preserved and provide an opportunity to learn about the history of Egypt during the old and Middle kingdoms. They were found by the British archaeologist Lord Greenville in 1885 and became the first researcher of this important historic site.

The tombs of the nobles in Aswan, some reference books are called qubat al-Hawa, one of the most visited monuments in Upper Egypt. The frescoes inside is amazingly picturesque, reflect the daily life of the ancient Egyptians and are a magnificent example of ancient art. The most important and beautiful tombs Harkhuf, Sarenput II, Sabni and Macho. The entrance to the tomb Mecho is diagonally carved on the steps - this technique facilitates the movement of the body of the deceased with the help of wooden and stone horses.

Macho was a Prince of the 6th dynasty of the old Kingdom, the son of king Pepi II, who died in one of the Royal visits. Inside the tomb on the right wall is a fresco with the image of the Prince and his wife in traditional clothes during offerings to the gods, as well as some more everyday scenes. In rituals in Ancient Egypt to decorate the first chamber tombs with scenes from everyday life of the deceased. Further to the right are visible about the doors, and several of frescoes.

The burial chamber of the tomb Mecho supported by 18 columns with many scenes and inscriptions, which are divided into three rows. On one wall depicted a scene of prayers to Anubis and Osiris for Macho on the background of the frescoes of agricultural subjects.

Tomb Sabni, son Macho is a continuation of the tomb of the father. The burial leads to the luxurious corridor, divided into two sections that open in a room with 14 square pillars and scenes of fishing on all the walls. An important feature of the tomb Sabni scene, telling the story of the journey of the Prince in the body of the deceased father is one of the historical evidence of the mentality of the Egyptians in this period and their perception of life, death and immortality.

The temple and the tomb of Sarenput II is probably the best of the tombs of the nobles in Aswan. Sarenput II was the son of the Nubian king and the crown Prince, the high priest of the temple of the gods khnum and San, commander of the army of Egypt in the reign of Amenment II (12th dynasty). The tomb begins with a courtyard, which is supported by six columns, the right side is a granite slab with the name of the owner of the tomb. Followed by a corridor with murals on the life of nobles and his son. In another hall with four columns of hieroglyphic inscriptions indicated the titles of Sarenput II.

The ruler of the island of elephantine and the surrounding area, Harkhuf, lived during the VI dynasty between 2345 and 2181 BC, was one of the first people buried in the tombs of the nobles in Aswan. His grave also has at the entrance to the traditional courtyard, its facade is decorated with frescoes of the lives of noble ruler, the next room is a rectangular shape hall with a corridor leading to the sarcophagus.