/ / The Abbey of Pontigny: photos, description Abbaye de Pontigny)

The Abbey of Pontigny: photos, description Abbaye de Pontigny)

In 2014, the Abbey of Pontigny widely celebrated its 900th anniversary. During these nine centuries in the biography of the Abbey has accumulated a lot of interesting facts. For example, his monks were the first to produce the famous Chablis. Abbey gave to the Catholic world just three archbishops of Canterbury - Thomas Becket, Stephen Langton and St. Edmund, whose remains are buried in the Abbey. Pontigny became the resting place of the Queen of France, wife of Louis VII and Adele of Champagne one of the most significant monasteries on the pilgrimage Route of St. James.

In addition, the Abbey of Pontigny were among the five main monasteries of the Cistercian order. It was the second child of the monastery the main monastery of the order of Citeaux, founded after the Abbey of La Ferté in 1114. The first Abbot was Hugh Makoski aimed together with a dozen monks, one of the founders of the order of Stephen Harding on the shore of the river serein in the surrounding area of Auxerre for the construction of the new monastery. A few decades later the monks of Pontigny have themselves laid the subsidiary monasteries and was founded more than two dozen and Hugo Makoski received the title of Bishop of Auxerre.

The XIII century was to Pontigny, as in other monasteries of the order, a time of prosperity, reconstruction and new construction. And from the XV century began the decline of the Abbey, which exacerbated the battles and storms of the period of religious wars. A large part of the Abbey was burned and it was restored only half. During the great French revolution, after the nationalization and auction sales the Abbey was mostly destroyed. Preserved monastery Church, whose status was downgraded to a parish. Today it is still conducted services.

At the beginning of the XX century the owner of the monastery was the philosopher Paul reports and analysis which he conducted until 1939 conference "decades of Pontigny", which was attended by many well-known writers - Thomas Mann, Jean-Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir, Antoine de Saint-Exupery and others.

Currently the buildings of the former Abbey is the centre for the rehabilitation of people with disabilities.