/ / The Abbey of Saint-Victor: photo, description Abbaye Saint-Victor de Marseille)

The Abbey of Saint-Victor: photo, description Abbaye Saint-Victor de Marseille)

In commemoration of St. Victor in Marseilles was founded two monasteries - male and female, were both established by the founder John Cassian in the early fifth century.

Victor of Marseilles lived in the III century and was executed by order of Emperor Maximian for refusing to participate in pagan sacrifices. The monasteries were built on the burial place of Victor and a few martyrs for the faith. The monastery of Saint-Victor in Marseille is one of the oldest on the territory of modern France, along with the Abbey of Marmoutier in tours (III century, the founder of Martin of tours) and Lerinski (beginning of V century, the founder of the Holy Honorat).

In the IX century monastery, the former residence of the bishops of Marseilles were looted during the raids of the Saracens, and the convent was later destroyed and was not rebuilt. The monastery was rebuilt at the end of X century by order of Bishop Onorato II. At this time, the Church was built, which survived until the present time. In the second half of the fourteenth century the Abbot Guillaume Grimoard (who later became Pope urban V) enlarged the Church and surrounded it by a fortified wall.

During the great French revolution, the Abbey was ravaged, and its premises was converted into a granary, prison and barracks. In the beginning of the nineteenth century, the Church again began to hold worship services, and several decades later the whole complex of the Abbey of Saint-Victor was awarded the status of national historical monument. Restoration of the surviving buildings of the monastery began only after a hundred years, already in the second half of the twentieth century.

Of the features and relics of the Church it is worth noting white marble altar of V century, the statue of St. Victor, on the mid-nineteenth century, an underground crypt with the tombs of the bishops, where one of the main values is the statue of the Black Madonna. From a crypt in the Church this image is raised only during the celebration of Candlemas. In addition, the Abbey houses a collection of sarcophagi, which are recognized as samples of early Christian art. The monastery has a large library, but she was lost in the sixteenth century, preserved only the library catalogue.