/ / Pont-du-Gard: photo description (Pont du Gard)

Pont-du-Gard: photo description (Pont du Gard)

Pont du Gard - ancient Roman aqueduct, located in the French Department of Gard. The name literally translates as "bridge of the Gard".

Pont du Gard is the tallest surviving Roman aqueduct, amounting to 275 meters long and 49 meters in height. Thus, the bridge is about the same height as a 16-storey modern house.

Pont du Gard is made of six-ton stones, without lime application. It is believed that the Pont du Gard was built on the orders of the great commander Mark Agrippa - friend of the Emperor Octavian Augustus in the year 19 BC. However, according to the latest studies, the construction of the bridge was completed only in the middle of the first century of our era. Pont du Gard was part of a 50-kilometer water pipeline connecting the two ancient Roman city in the South of France - Nimes and Uzès.

Pont du Gard is a three-tiered aqueduct, while each tier is a different number of arches: thirty-five arches in the upper tier, which just ran the water. In the middle tier has eleven arches, and the bottom - six, while of the six arches supporting part of the bridge is the only one. The width of the arches is reduced as you get closer to the shore.

According to current estimates, thanks to this aqueduct, the inhabitants of Nimes, who numbered about 50 thousand people every day to spend 400 liters of water each.

Pont du Gard was used as a water supply until the fall of the Western Roman Empire, then it was sometimes used as a bridge. But in the VIII century, the ancient aqueduct was almost incapacitated: wind and time have destroyed many of his plots, and the locals were breaking stone for construction. In addition, in order to bridge drove larger vehicles, had to hollow out part of the supports of the aqueduct that could cause a collapse of the whole structure. However, the Pont du Gard has stood for over a thousand years, and the traffic on the Pont du Gar finally stopped only in 1747, when nearby was built a modern bridge. And in 1855, the ancient aqueduct was restored by order of Napoleon III.

Since 1985, the Pont du Gard is a world heritage monument of UNESCO. It is believed that this bridge is depicted on the reverse side of the banknotes of 5 Euro.