/ / Ancient theatre of Eruzione: photos, description (Theatre antique d'orange)

Ancient theatre of Eruzione: photos, description (Theatre antique d'orange)

The ancient heritage of the ancient city of Eruzione in orange, is represented by two buildings - a triumphal arch and theatre. Both buildings are protected by UNESCO as world heritage sites.

Active construction in Eruzione was deployed after ground settlement and around it was presented by Emperor Augustus to soldiers of the second Legion. The most probable period of construction of the theatre: the end of I century BC - early I century ad

On the theatre as a socially important object was assigned a rather large value. At the theatre the people of Eruzione had to forget about different problems in urban and political life, about his dissatisfaction with the authorities. One representation could visit up to ten thousand people. Performances were free, and among the performances was dominated by light genre - Comedy. Currently, the theater also hosts various cultural events such as Opera festival, but its capacity to further the conservation of the monument was reduced to seven thousand visitors.

About the size of the ancient theatre can also be measured in other settings. So, the size of proscenium (walls, which ended stage) was more than a hundred meters in length and 37 meters in height. From the outside the theatre looks like a four-building with arcades and three gates. The Central niche decorated with a marble statue of Augustus, which, according to one version, is a copy of the antique statues, and on the other - a very good archaeological discovery. Perhaps the statue was hidden by the medieval residents of orange to the time when the ancient building was taken for a stone on their way to the construction of new fortifications of the city.

At the end of IV century, with the adoption of Christianity as the main state religion of the Roman Empire all secular amusements, including theatrical performances were banned, and the theater was closed.

In the Middle ages the building of the theatre followed the fate of other ancient theatres in France, it became a fortress, the walls of which began to build their houses, the townspeople. Work to restore the historical appearance of the theater began only in the XIX century, and since 1869 it has resumed events.

In the beginning of this century to protect the historical-architectural monument on the stage of the theatre was built a glass canopy.