/ / The Arlanda: photo description (Arlempdes)

The Arlanda: photo description (Arlempdes)

Arland is a picturesque medieval village situated to the South of the centre of France, in the Auvergne region. The settlement stands on the famous river Loire.

There are unconfirmed reports that a military garrison was stationed here in the days of the Gallic wars, even before the birth of Christ. In any case, in the early middle Ages the Area was already inhabited. The name itself comes from the Gaelic language and means "East temple".

"Calling card" of the village is the castle, towering on a rock of volcanic origin above the Loire. It was first mentioned in a papal bull of Clement IV in 1267. It is interesting that in the course of natural change of owner by means of dynastic marriages, the castle passed to Diane de Poitiers, the famous mistress of French king Henry II. Her personal coat of arms carved on the walls of the fortress. Until the XVIII century there still is the Royal army, but even before the great French revolution, the castle lost its strategic purpose and was abandoned. Only in 1963 there was the first restoration work.

Unfortunately, the castle is now mostly in ruins, among which are detached fortifications of the XV and XVI centuries and round the main donjon tower. It is also worth noting the most ancient buildings - the main entrance gate and the chapel of St. James, built of red stone. Both buildings date back to XII century. The best preserved Church, which is in addition, recently restored. It is a typical architectural structure of the Romanesque style. Inside it is decorated quite modestly. From the buildings of Diana de Pute only preserved the armorial hall, the remains of the jail and former living quarters. The castle is surrounded by ancient ramparts of the XIII century with seven towers.

On the territory of the village is also a lot of medieval buildings. It is worth noting the Romanesque Church of St. Peter, built in the XII century. It is a typical Languedoc building - main portal decorated with columns, and upstairs in the XVI century were established the belfry with three bells, separated by arcades.

Near the entrance to the old cemetery there is a stone cross of the XV century. On one part of it depicts, respectively, the Crucifixion, and on the other the Lamenting of Christ (Pieta).

The oldest building Arlanda - storey city gate 1066.

Only village is home to just over a hundred people. However, this picturesque village attracts thousands of tourists, as included in the Association "Most beautiful villages of France". Moreover, in July in the former castle hosts the annual two-week theatre festival is also very popular.