/ / Archaeological crypt of Notre-Dame Cathedral: photos, description (Crypte archeologique du parvis Notre-Dame)

Archaeological crypt of Notre-Dame Cathedral: photos, description (Crypte archeologique du parvis Notre-Dame)

The crypt of the Cathedral Notre Dame de Paris opened to the public in 1980. To create this underground Museum helped the case: in 1965 under the Cathedral began construction of the Parking lot, and the builders came across some antiquity. Up until 1972 there were excavations, which gave amazing results. Archaeologists have discovered and preserved ruins of buildings, which were built since ancient times. Thus, the crypt of the Cathedral is now a sort of time machine that allows travel through the depths of the centuries.

The term "crypt" in the Western European architecture called underground vaulted room, located under the altar or the choir of the Church. Usually these spaces was used for burial of the relics of saints and martyrs. On Ile de La Cité, they are under the porch of the Cathedral, and they are called "the crypt of the porch of Notre-Dame de Paris". In the course of another name - the Archaeological crypt.

The dungeon under the Cathedral stretches for 120 meters. Here you can see the genuine remains of Gallo-Roman streets of the era of Augustus, the contemporary of Christ. Well preserved ingenious underground system of heating of buildings used by the Romans. Lutetia, as it was then called settlement, has gained special importance in the third to fifth centuries of our era: the city, named Parisi, was a Roman Outpost on the way of the barbarians. The island has produced strong fortifications - the walls of the fortification wall that surrounded the city in the III century, can be considered in detail. The map of Paris you can discover ancient baths, forum, amphitheatre, shadow of Paris ancient.

The rapid construction was carried out on the Sieve and in the middle ages. Its centre was, of course, the Cathedral, whose construction began in 1163 and was completed only in 1345. The medieval buildings have not survived to the present day - in the eighteenth century many of them were demolished for the construction of roads. The painting was completed a radical restructuring of the city under Baron Haussmann, during which killed many old buildings. Now in the crypt you can see a detailed layout of the old, departed forever Paris - they help to understand how century after century, was the development of the French capital.