/ / The astronomical Museum of the Paris Observatory: photos, description (Observatoire de Paris)

The astronomical Museum of the Paris Observatory: photos, description (Observatoire de Paris)

The astronomical Museum of the Paris Observatory - an Amateur: the Observatory is operating, the atmosphere here is strict. But a trained person will know and see a lot of interesting.

The Paris Observatory is the oldest one in Europe, even Greenwich younger by a few years. When Louis XIV created in 1666 the Royal Academy of Sciences, at the first meeting she decided to ask the monarch about the establishment of the Observatory. 21 June, 1667, the day of the summer solstice, academics-mathematics identified on the purchased for the Observatory area, the precise direction of the Paris Meridian and the outline of the building. Designed and built by the architect Claude Perrault, brother of storyteller Charles Perrault. The name of the architect is now called the Central building of the Observatory.

At different times, the Observatory was headed by famous astronomers. From 1994 through pavements of Paris of the Paris Meridian runs a chain of bronze medallions with the inscription Arago. It is a monument to one of the Directors of the Observatory of the great astronomer Francois Arago, whose life resembles an adventure novel. The young scientist was commissioned to measure an arc of the Meridian in Spain, which at that time rebelled against Napoleon. Arago was arrested, sat in prison, then got into slavery to Algiers Dejah, was a translator from the corsairs and finally got to France, saving the measurement results. At 23, he was elected to the Academy. In Paris, was a monument to Arago, who had disappeared during the occupation. The French were not to restore it, and put in a bridge 135 bronze medallions, each day reminding Parisians on the scientific feat of their countrymen.

In the building of the Observatory through the halls of the second floor is the line of copper, indicating the Paris Meridian. In the nineteenth century, the Observatory has three telescopes, which are now shown to tourists. Also in the Museum you can see masterpieces of instrumental collection that was used by scientists of earlier centuries.

To get here on a trip is not easy: the Observatory accepts upon request, only groups of 20-30 people. But the standard two-hour tour will be the highest - it will be real doctors.