/ / Sacré-Coeur: photo, description Basilique du Sacre-Coeur)

Sacré-Coeur: photo, description Basilique du Sacre-Coeur)

Sacré-Coeur (sacred Heart, that is, of the heart of Jesus), towering over Paris with a snow-white mass, a symbol of the city and place of pilgrimage for Christians all over the world.

The history of the construction of the Basilica

The idea of construction of the Basilica occurred in hard for France time. The Franco-Prussian war (1870 - 1871) ended in defeat, the enormous losses, the uprising of the Paris commune. The response to violence offered two rich pious person in Paris - Alexander Legentil and Hubert de Fleury to build a Church as a sign of recognition of guilt and hope for forgiveness of sins.

Place for a temple - the top of Montmartre was chosen not by accident. It is not only that it is the highest point of the city. Here in the III century were beheaded St. Dionysius of Paris, the first Archbishop of the city; here the revolution has destroyed the Benedictine monastery, the chapel which St. Ignatius of Loyola gave once the vows of chastity, poverty, and missionary work; here was born the Paris Commune, sin, which was intended to atone for the construction of the sacré-Coeur.

The competition for the best project was won by the architect Paul Abadie. The Basilica was built thirty-five years on the donations of the faithful and state money. In 1914 everything was ready, but the First world, and the Basilica was consecrated only in 1919.

At first the Parisians disliked the new Church. Zola called it vsepoddaneyshiy stone ground. Many people disliked the unusual appearance of the Basilica - it was built in Roman-Byzantine style. Now her beauty is recognized by all.

The architecture of the temple

The Basilica's five domes, the Central altitude of 83 metres, it is the second highest point of Paris after the Eiffel tower. A milky-white color of the Church owes the travertine stone from the quarries of château-Landon. In the rain self-cleaning travertine, becoming even whiter. In the bell tower of the Sacre Coeur is the famous "Savoyard" - donated by the dioceses of Savoy bell, weighing 19 tons. Inside the Church is richly decorated with mosaics, stained glass Windows, statues, marble and gold. Mosaic "Christ in glory" is one of the largest in the world. In the crypt is kept the burial urn with the heart of Alexander Legentil. From the gallery of the dome offers stunning views of Paris.

Annually Sacre Coeur is visited by 10 million tourists and pilgrims. Since 1885 the Basilica there is a continuous worship of Christ: day and night people pray before the blessed sacrament. Therefore tourists are asked to be quiet and to dress appropriately.

Note

  • Location: 35 Rue Chevalier de La Barre, Paris
  • Nearest metro stop: "Lamarck - Caulaincourt" line M12
  • Official website: http://www.sacre-coeur-montmartre.com
  • Opening hours: daily from 09.00 to 18.00.
  • Tickets: visit to the Basilica is free, the observation deck is 5 Euro.