/ / Basilica. Nazaire: photo description (La basilique Saint-Nazaire)

Basilica. Nazaire: photo description (La basilique Saint-Nazaire)

This Basilica in Carcassonne was named in honor of the Roman Nazar and his adopted son, Celsus, who lived in the II century and was executed for refusing to participate in pagan rituals.

The construction of this temple began in the end of XI century - the consecration of the first stone of the future Basilica held a Pope urban the Second. A site was selected near the castle. It later emerged that the Church was built on the site of the building of the VI century, whose appointment is still in question: perhaps it was a temple, but could serve other purposes.

By the end of XII century, the Romanesque construction of the temple was finished, and only half a century later it has already started to expand and rebuild, and then various modifications were made more than once. Until the early nineteenth century, the Church became the chair of the Bishop, which was then transferred to another Church of Carcassonne - Saint Michael, located in the lower city (La Bastide). Also in the XIX century the Church acquired the status of a historical monument and underwent further restoration, which was led by the famous architect eugène violle-Le-Duc. At the end of that century it received the status of Basilica.

The decor of the Basilica of Saint-Nazaire is considered modest and concise: decoration can be noticed on several entrances to the temple, and inside it you should pay attention to the decoration of the column capitals in the form of floral ornament and miniature figures of saints. Decoration of the transept are two stained glass of the XIV century. On one of the bas-reliefs of the temple depict the battle of the Crusader Simon de Montfort with the Albigenses.

Currently the Basilica is an active Church and place of service.