/ / Saint-Denis Basilica: photo, description Basilique de Saint-Denis)

Saint-Denis Basilica: photo, description Basilique de Saint-Denis)

Saint-Denis Basilica is one of the oldest churches of Paris, the jewel of medieval Gothic architecture, national spiritual sanctuary. Here is the resting place of the greatest monarchs of the country who left their mark in the history of Europe and the world.

Under the Romans there was a settlement of Katolik. It came from Montmartre, holding his own severed head in hand, the first Bishop of Paris, St. Dionysius, after which the place was called Saint-Denis. In 475 year here with the blessing of St. Genevieve built a Basilica. In the year 630 rebuilt the Basilica became the Central Church of a Benedictine monastery.

In the thirteenth century, Louis IX brought the ashes of their predecessors. From this moment on Saint-Denis Basilica became the burial place of kings. It has been called the "Royal necropolis of France".

Here are the graves of 25 French kings, 10 Queens and 84 princes and princesses. Among them - the legendary personality, without which Europe may have looked otherwise: Clovis I is baptized king of the Franks, Charles Martel, stopped the advance of Islam on the European continent, intellectual, Charles V, defended the sovereignty and unity of France. Saint-Denis is stored and the famous Royal standard - Oriflame.

During the French revolution, the monastery and the Basilica was looted and closed, the remains of the monarchs dumped in a ditch, covered with lime and burned. In 1814, during the restoration of the Basilica are the bones of kings and of their relatives gathered in ossuary - special storage. Here the crypt was reburied executed on the guillotine Louis XVI and Marie-Antoinette. In 1830, of burial ceased.

The exception was made only on 9 June 2004: on this day in Saint-Denis was buried the heart of the young Louis XVII, and not who ascended the throne of the son of Louis XVI and Marie-Antoinette.

The Royal tombs in Saint Denis are a remarkable sight on the gravestones lie the lying sculpture of the deceased, sculptured with portrait likeness. Decoration of the Basilica are magnificent stained glass Windows, stories which narrate the Crusades.