/ / Basilique St-Sernin: photo, description Basilique Saint-Sernin de Toulouse)

Basilique St-Sernin: photo, description Basilique Saint-Sernin de Toulouse)

Basilique St-Sernin is one of the oldest churches in Toulouse and the only surviving from the Abbey of St. Saturninus building. Also the Basilica was consecrated on the name of this Saint, who lived here in the III century, was the first Bishop in the city and, refusing to participate in pagan sacrifices, were martyred - was tied to the bull, which drove through town square. The body of the Bishop was buried by the members of Christian communities outside the city walls, and later over the burial was built a small chapel. The first temple was built near the grave at the beginning of the V century.

By the beginning of the XI century the Abbey was in the path of pilgrims heading to Santiago de Compostela, to venerate the relics of St. James. Since the tomb of Saint Saturnin were also very visited the suffering, and the cloister Church was decided to rebuild and increase its capacity.

The construction of the Saint-Sernin Basilica continued in XI-XII centuries, and near it was erected a building for the pilgrims - something like a coaching Inn. For construction used local pink brick, and to finish - contrasting white stone. The predominant style of the Church is Romanesque, although in the interior you can see the elements and the Gothic, and Baroque. Pope urban II consecrated this Church in 1096, when he was still unfinished, Yes and remained so. In the early XII century there began to build other buildings of the Abbey and work in the West wing of the Basilica was discontinued.

In the XIII century the appearance of the temple added Gothic elements, and in the XIX century Eugene viola-Le-Duc carried out the restoration, which in the next century had to get rid of it and restore the original appearance of the Church interior.

The features of the Church include a carved stone decoration of the two portals of the southern facade. Carved in stone, scenes of biblical scenes adorn the gates of the Port de Comte and Port-Miegeville. Beautiful carvings decorated and other parts of the temple. In the Northern part of the Basilica are preserved frescoes of the XII century, which was almost buried under a layer of plaster unsuccessful restoration of the XIX century. The temple also stored the relics of Saint Saturnin. The height of the bell tower of the Basilica is more than 110 meters, it houses a Carillon with 18 bells.