/ / Bateau-Lavoir: photo description (Bateau-Lavoir)

Bateau-Lavoir: photo description (Bateau-Lavoir)

Bateau-Lavoir - the so-called hostel in Montmartre, which at the turn of XIX- XX centuries lived the famous artists and poets. Then famous, and then they were unknown and poor. Due to the fact, that there was no money, they settled in the Bateau-Lavoir.

This name was used for the hostel because a former factory building resembled a barge-Laundry in French bateau-lavoir (such floating laundries stood back along the Seine). House located on a steep hillside looked ridiculous: on the one hand he was a five-story, on the other - one storey, the roof was piled a few glazed areas. Housing meets the low cost of rent: decrepit filthy house with rotten floors and rickety stairs, without electricity, gas and water on dozens of people - only one toilet, and one without a latch. Tenants often do not have enough money for coal and food, and then they were content with a free pot of soup, which they exhibited in a neighbouring cabaret "Agile rabbit".

But in these terrible conditions blossomed talent of Picasso. Great artist settled in the Bateau-Lavoir in 1904. Here, in the dingy Studio, where the summer was hot, and in winter, the unfinished tea had frozen in the Cup, he wrote "Les demoiselles d'avignon, which began with cubism; here the blue period of Picasso is gradually changed to pink.

In the Bateau-Lavoir lived Modigliani, Gris, Reverdy, Jacob, Gargallo. Here is how the club came Matisse, Marriage, Utrillo, Apollinaire, Cocteau, Stein and many other artists and intellectuals of the time. Yes, drinking and Smoking, but also talked a lot and worked a lot, not paying attention to the poverty of the surroundings. "We were young and capable of many things," recalled then Picasso.

This explosion of creative energy flashed and faded, partly moved to Montparnasse, which became the Bohemian quarter after the First world war. Much later, in 1965, the building of Bateau-Lavoir was recognized as a monument, but in 1970 it was destroyed by a fire. In 1978, the house is fully restored (albeit made of concrete). Now at the entrance to the Bateau-Lavoir - a memorable showcase, inside the artists ' studios. Just artists ' studios.