/ / Great synagogue of Bordeaux: photo description (Grande synagogue)

Great synagogue of Bordeaux: photo description (Grande synagogue)

Synagogue in Bordeaux was built in the second half of the nineteenth century - the work was carried out from 1877 to 1882. During the Second world war it was desecrated and half destroyed and looted by the Nazis. Ten years later, after the war, the synagogue was reconstructed, and in 1998 it was recognized as a monument of history.

The first mention of Jews living in Bordeaux, belong to the second half of the VI century. In the early nineteenth century, the city had nine synagogues, which were located in private homes. Here's what he wrote about the Jews of Bordeaux historian Samuel Lozinski: "People, not daring at home to openly profess the Jewish religion, came here to enter into the fold of Judaism... People obviously wanted to be in Bordeaux, to be buried according to Jewish rites in a Jewish cemetery. But Bordeaux... could not turn into a prayer house, a shelter for the elderly, and the Jews of Bordeaux had manifested intense activity".

The authors of the project of the great synagogue are two well-known Frenchman: Paul Abadie, the author and restorer of many religious buildings in France, and Charles Durand, the artist, the author of the ceiling painting of the Louvre. They project a synagogue was built to replace the burned during a fire in 1873. The form of the new building it was possible to see traits of Oriental style and Gothic revival. In the late nineteenth century synagogue in Bordeaux was considered the biggest European synagogues. During its construction was used a metal frame, designed and manufactured in the workshop of another famous architect Gustave Eiffel.

During the Second world war the Nazis turned the synagogue into a prison from which the Jews were sent to concentration camps, including Dachau and Auschwitz. This tragic fate befell more than a thousand Jewish families. In memory of those terrible events near the synagogue was a memorial plaque.

Today the synagogue is used for its intended purpose - it conducts services. Visitors to the synagogue are Jews who emigrated from North African countries.