/ / Palais Bourbon: photos, description (Palais Bourbon)

Palais Bourbon: photos, description (Palais Bourbon)

Palais Bourbon - first of all the place of work of the French National Assembly, the lower house of the French Parliament (upper house called the Senate). And yet - a monument of architecture with its unique history.

Is the Palace on the quay d'orsay, in front of Concorde - it is connected by a bridge Consent. Built the Palais Bourbon in 1722-1728, the architect Lorenzo Giardini under the control of the First Royal architect ange-Jacques Gabriel, author of the Small Trianon. The Palace was intended for the Duchess Louise-françoise of Bourbon, daughter of Louis XIV and his official mistress, the Marquise de Montespan. Louis XV bought the Palace to the Treasury and gave it to the Prince of condé.

During the revolution the Palace was nationalized, here met the Council of five hundred, the lower house of the legislative Assembly of the Republic of 1795. Thus, the tradition of placing in the Bourbon Palace, the legislature has more than two centuries.

The age of Napoleon the Palace was rebuilt: the efforts of the court architect of Emperor Bernard Puye he had a classic antique portico that echoes the portico located on the other side of the Seine, the Madeleine Church. The restoration of the monarchy the Palace was returned to its owners, but in 1827 he was finally and irrevocably purchased by the state for placement of the French Parliament.

Change function required changes in the aesthetics of the building. Francois Rud performed for the Palace relief "Prometheus animating art", future Deputy Eugene Delacroix painted the library ("History of civilization"). In the building the busts of Diderot and Voltaire of Houdon's work. On the pediment of the Palace, where once were portrayed Napoleon, throwing captured banners at the feet of the deputies, and Louis XVIII, representing the Constitution, appeared in France in the antique toga. In front of the Palace were the statues of the four major statesmen of the reformer and the financier of the Duke de Sully, economist Jean-Baptiste Colbert, politician mediator Michel L'hôpital and the largest lawyer Henri françois D'aguesseau.

In the library of the Palais Bourbon are stored these materials "case of Joan of Arc" and the manuscripts of Rousseau.