/ / The vendôme column: photos, description (Colonne Vendome)

The vendôme column: photos, description (Colonne Vendome)

The vendôme column that stands at the homonymous square, built by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1810, in honor of the victories of his Grand army in the Austrian campaign of 1805, described by Leo Tolstoy in "War and peace").

At first, Napoleon was going to carry on this occasion to Paris Tranovo Roman column. However, transportation was a major challenge, and the Emperor ordered to develop an original project.

Worked on a project architects Gondouin and scholarly. The column was turned with a height of about 44 metres wide at the base to 3.67 meters. Her body is molded in metal 1250 cannons captured by the French at Austerlitz the Austrians and Russians. Lateral surface ornamented with spiral, which depicts numerous battle scenes. Inside the monument there is a staircase leading to the upper landing. There the authors of the project put the statue of Napoleon in a toga of a Roman Emperor in Laurel wreath.

The figure of the Emperor stood on the column for four years - with the capture of Paris by the allies and the return of the Bourbons it was melted a statue of king Henri IV (installed on a New bridge). After the July revolution, king Louis-Philippe I ordered the return of Napoleon on the column, but in marching a cocked hat and frock coat. Napoleon III in 1863, fearing for the safety of the statues and ordered to remove it and move to the nursing Home, for the column to make a copy. The original of this highly expressive sculptures are still kept in the nursing Home.

The dramatic events unfolded around the vendôme column during the Paris commune. The artist Gustave Courbet, Commissioner for culture, was required to transfer the column into a desert place. But the decision was made about the destruction of the "monument to barbarism". On the overthrow of the colossus gathered twenty thousand crowd. The ropes were torn, the winch broke. Then the column under the sound of the Marseillaise collapsed and broke into pieces.

After the suppression of the Commune, the government restored her and an old statue of Napoleon in a toga. Authorities ordered Gustave Courbet to pay all costs of recovery. The entire property of the artist was sold out, he died in poverty.