/ / The Paris Grand mosque: photos, description (Grande Mosquee de Paris)

The Paris Grand mosque: photos, description (Grande Mosquee de Paris)

The Paris Grand mosque is located in the Latin quarter, near the Botanical garden. It covers an area of one hectare and is one of the largest mosques in France.

France is closely associated with Muslim North Africa since the nineteenth century. In 1848 an integral part of the country was declared Algeria, in 1881, a French protectorate was Tunisia, and in 1912 Morocco. In the second half of the twentieth century, these countries regained independence, but the proportion of Muslims in the French population remains impressive. The idea of creating in the capital of the Islamic spiritual center originated in the mid-nineteenth century. Reality it became after the First world war, when the country found it necessary the construction of a mosque to pay tribute to hundred of thousands of the Muslim warriors who died in battle for France.

Construction was fully funded by the state and took three years. July 15, 1926, the President of France Gaston Dumeng and the Sultan of Morocco, Moulay Yusuf officially opened the Paris mosque. Algerian Sufi Ahmad al-Alawi made the first prayer.

The building of the mosque is designed in a synthetic Spanish-Moorish mudéjar style, which spread in the XII-XVI centuries on the territory of Spain. In it are woven elements of Moorish aesthetics, Gothic, Renaissance. In this style worked both Muslim and Christian architects.

The building project was designed by the architects of Mataf, Fournet, Abes. In the building were created by the artists of North African countries, were also shipped from the part of construction and finishing materials. The minaret of the mosque has a height of 33 meters. Its courtyard is decorated with beautiful pond and gardens reminiscent of the Alhambra.

During the occupation of Paris in the mosque, met Muslim members of the Resistance. Here is hid from the Gestapo a Jewish family. Today, the mufti of the mosque is Dalil Boubaker, one of the most influential and respected figures of French Islam.

The mosque has a prayer hall (Musalla), Turkish bath (Hammam), school (madrasa), a library, a restaurant, a tearoom and souvenir shops. The tearoom serves traditional mint tea and Oriental sweets. The Great mosque, except the sacred spaces are open for tourists.