/ / Vincennes castle: photos, description (Chateau de Vincennes)

Vincennes castle: photos, description (Chateau de Vincennes)

Vincennes castle, located in the South-Eastern outskirts of Paris in Vincennes, bears little resemblance to other castles of France - is a macabre battle of the citadel with a harsh history.

It all started with a hunting Lodge of Louis VII, built on this spot about the year 1150. In the XIII century, the efforts of Philip Augustus and of St. Louis IX, there have already appeared the castle. Here in 1270 St. Louis went to the fatal for his crusade - to convert the Sultan of Tunis to Christianity. In Africa, the king fell ill and died. In the Bois de Vincennes, the castle celebrated the wedding of Philip III and Philip IV died, Louis X, Philip V and Charles IV Long.

A real defensive structure, the castle became later, in XIV-XV centuries. Philip VI had built an impregnable tower, the donjon, Charles VI had closed the perimeter of the outer walls. Completion of construction arrived in time: during the religious wars of the XVI century the castle became a prison. It is here held in detention by the future king and founder of the Bourbon dynasty Henry IV.

In the XVII century, Louis XIV set out to make the castle his residence. By the architect Louis Left there were built pavilions for the widowed Queen and cardinal Mazarin. However, the attention of the king moved to Versailles, work was stopped. A century later the kings left the castle completely. At one time there was Pensenskaya porcelain manufactory, and then again. Here was incarcerated the Duke of Beaufort, the financier Nicolas Fouquet, Marquis de Sade, Diderot freethinker and politician count Mirabeau.

In 1804, the phrase "the château de Vincennes became for Europe a symbol of lawlessness and public violence. By order of Napoleon in the night from 14 to 15 March 1804 the French Dragoons made a lightning RAID on the territory of the Duchy of Baden, where he lived in the position of emigrant French Prince, the Duke of Enghien. The Duke was seized, taken to France early in the morning and shot in the moat of the castle.

In the XX century there were executed the famous spy Mata Hari. At the end of the occupation, the Germans shot in the fortress three dozen of innocent hostages. The retreating Nazis blew up the pavilion of the king and part of the casemates.

Historical Museum of the castle is from 1934. Immediately after the Second world began on its restoration, it is now fully restored.