/ / Villefranche-de-Conflent: photo description (Villefranche-de-Conflent)

Villefranche-de-Conflent: photo description (Villefranche-de-Conflent)

One of the most interesting sights of the village of Villefranche-de-Conflent - the panoramic route of the "Little yellow train". Villefranche-de-Conflent, situated in the Eastern Pyrenees is the starting station of this narrow-gauge railway leading to the town of Latour-de-Carol is almost on the border with Spain. Along the way the train passes through several tunnels, bridges and viaducts, the height of which reaches up to 65 meters. This narrow gauge railway was constructed early last century and became France's first railway laid in high altitude conditions. A trip to the "Little yellow train" guarantees spectacular views on both sides of the road - both the nature and historical ruins.

Villefranche-de-Conflent was built in the XI century as a fortified settlement surrounded by strong walls. The city has taken a very advantageous position in the valley of the confluence of three rivers which allowed local residents to successfully engage in trade and even get some perks for trading. The settlement was known as the city of free trade, and his name in those days sounded like "Villa Franca". Also, the fortress guarded the border of France with Spain.

Inside the walls there were only two streets - St. John and St. James, and the houses standing on them, were built of local pink marble. A particularly rapid construction here was in the XIII century. Due to lack of space at home in Villefranche-de-Conflent was built high - up to three floors. At first housed workshops, stores and institutions of the medieval "catering", and the upper floors were the living room. Some of these houses were built with inner patios.

In the XVII century the town's fortifications were rebuilt and strengthened military engineer and architect, Vauban, to existing buildings were added a few towers and bastions. Near the village you can see a structure planned by the master - Fort Liberia. Thanks to the legacy of Vauban in Villefranche-de-Conflent was taken under protection by UNESCO as a world heritage site. The commune also included in the Association "Most beautiful villages of France".

Other attractions worth mentioning the gates of France and Spain - two entrances to the city built in the XVIII-XIX centuries, Devil's tower (mid XV century), St. Jacob's Church (XII century), the building bagaria (local administration) also of the XII century, which now meet city officials. Natural attractions near the village - limestone grottoes Grand Canaletas open in the middle of the last century and today serving as a platform for the performance of classical music.