/ / Mont-valérien: photos, description (Forteresse du Mont-Valerien)

Mont-valérien: photos, description (Forteresse du Mont-Valerien)

Mont-valérien just to the West of the Bois de Boulogne, actually, not a mountain, and the hill height is only 162 meters. It offers impressive views of the La défense district. But the mountain is famous not so much a species, as related to the glorious and sorrowful pages in the history of France.

The highest point in Paris surroundings from Gallic times became a place of worship and pilgrimage. Under Louis XIII along the road to the hill was built the chapel way of the Cross, who prayed for the pilgrims. In 1812, on grief by Napoleon and designed by architect Jacques-Antoine-Nicolas the West was built the House education of the Legion of honor - for girls from poor families. Quite a long time it also housed the congregation of the Fathers of charity, founded by the priest Jean-Baptiste rauzan and whose aim is the re-Christianization of the country. And in 1846, under Louis-Philippe, was built on the mountain Fort valérien is an important part of the fortifications of Paris.

In 1849, physicist Hippolyte Fizeau conducted a hit the world experiment: installing mirrors on mount valérien and Montmartre (the straight-line distance between 8000 meters), he measured the speed of light. In 1871 the Fort, the guns of which dominated the West of Paris, played a huge role in the suppression of the Commune. In the First world war there was a main link in the defense of the capital at night the powerful spotlights of the Fort was covered by the attacking planes. In the Second world, during the occupation, the Nazis used the Fort for executions of members of the Resistance and hostages. In total, the invaders executed more than thousands of the French.

In 1946 at the initiative of de Gaulle at the Mont-valérien was unveiled a memorial to Fighting France. On a huge Esplanade in the wall of pink stone are seventeen tombs. In the center is a huge the cross of Lorraine, elected de Gaulle to Fight the symbol of France.

In 2003 there was inaugurated the monument of the shot: bronze bells, cast by sculptor Pascal Convert, installed in front of the chapel (it waited for their fate to be doomed to death). On the pedestal are carved 1008 names of those who died for France.

In the heart of Fort valérien are military institutions. Among them, one is very curious: the national Museum of military pigeons with working dovecote. Service of carrier pigeons have long been developed in France, for example, she played a huge role during the siege of Paris by Prussian troops in 1870. And now, in the age of the Internet, the Museum is responsible for the 8th regiment of the French Armed forces.