/ / The Palace of Gallienus (Amphitheatre Bordeaux): photo description (Palais Gallien)

The Palace of Gallienus (Amphitheatre Bordeaux): photo description (Palais Gallien)

The Palace of Galienus (Gallic Palace, also called the amphitheatre Bordeaux) today is the ruins of the splendid amphitheater, which could seat up to 15 thousand spectators. The amphitheatre was built in the II century and currently is the only surviving building Burdigala - the city's Gallo-Roman era, the site of which grew the modern Bordeaux.

The amphitheatre was built on the outskirts Burdigala, the size of his arena, as it was established on the ruins was 70 47 meters, and the size of the building is 130 by 110 metres. In its construction used masonry, in which were interspersed the bricks and stones were also used slab of wood. According to one version, the amphitheater was built for the visit of the city the Roman Emperor Caracalla, who ruled in the early third century. The construction of the amphitheater is also mentioned in connection with the name of another Emperor, Gallienus, but he ruled later, in the middle of the III century.

276 year the amphitheatre was burned by invading the land of the German tribes. Since then the structure has survived a few pillars and arches which in the next century were treated not too gently. In the Middle ages in the ruins of the Roman theatre was inhabited by homeless people and fugitives. In the XVII century next to the architectural legacy of the Romans the dump was formed. During the great French revolution, the land on which stands the amphitheatre, declared public property, and the Eastern and Western portals of the amphitheater was demolished and in their place two paved city streets.

And only in the XIX century, the ruins were declared a historical monument and started to strengthen them, and attended to the preservation of the building not the authorities of Bordeaux, and its citizens. The status of a monument were assigned to these ruins in 1840. Remains of the Roman amphitheatre located in the street Dr. albert Barro.