/ / Palace of Justice: photos, description (Palais de Justice)

Palace of Justice: photos, description (Palais de Justice)

Palace of Justice is located in the heart of Paris, in the Western part of île de La Cité, close to Notre Dame Cathedral. The complex is huge: here are traditionally concentrated in the court and the Prosecutor's office of France, the criminal police, municipal services.

The history of the Palace goes back centuries. About the year 508 the Frankish king Clovis chose the island for the construction of his official residence. With the advent of the Carolingian monarchs abandoned the Palace, the city is empty. But at the end of the tenth century, Hugh Capet, the first Capetian king, posted here their Council and administration. The castle became the residence of the French kings, and Paris is again the capital of France.

In the following centuries the French kings constantly widened and strengthened the Metropolitan's residence. However, in 1358, there was a popular uprising under the leadership of the Provost of Paris, Etienne Marcel. In the eyes of the future monarch Charles V in impregnable, it would seem, the Palace, the rebels killed two of the Royal advisers. After that, the Royal family moved to the Louvre. Charles V gave the Palace complex of the Parliament, then performing the functions of the judicial authority. Residence in Cité turned into the Palace of Justice.

Today the Palace is a unique architectural ensemble multi-style buildings, built from the XIII to the XX centuries the Central room - Hall of Lost steps. The Paris Communards burned it later on the hall was restored. From here you can go to the Golden room, the bedroom of St. Louis. Here during the French revolution housed the revolutionary Tribunal, impose the death penalty.

The Palace of Justice was badly damaged during the Paris commune, there is almost a century was reconstructed. But the main activity of the Palace was not interrupted for a single day. It is here were the high-profile trial, which attracted a large audience: 1880 — process Sarah Bernhardt, tearing into a lifelong contract with the Comedie Francaise, 1893 — Panama Scam, 1898 — the trial of Emile Zola for his pamphlet “I accuse”, 1906 — the Dreyfus affair, 1917 — the trial of the spy Mata Hari, 1945 — the trial of a collaborator Marshal Petain.

On working days the courthouse is open.