/ / Defense: photos, description (La Defense)

Defense: photos, description (La Defense)

Défense, a modern business and residential district, "Paris Manhattan", was built where before was located in a poor suburban district. Old small factories, shacks and a few farms - marginal was the place. But in the era of President de Gaulle, to strive for technological modernization of the country, there arose a new quarter which is now considered the largest business centre of Europe.

Construction began in 1958 after the occurrence EPAD - state institutions, created specifically for the unloading of old Paris and the development of a new district. Title defense - came from the name of the monument La Défense de Paris ("the defense of Paris") in honor of the soldiers who fought here during the Franco-Prussian war of 1870.

In the new district divided the flows of pedestrians and cars under a huge concrete Esplanade (more than a kilometer long and 250 meters wide) are roads, railway tracks, station and Parking. Also downstairs are the underground floors of the skyscrapers and all communications.

Every year more than 8 million tourists visit Versailles. What attracts them in the business district? Dozens of skyscrapers of original architecture, whose cold minimalism interspersed with urban sculptures bright colors and unusual view, musical fountain and, of course, a Large arch.

A large arch is located on the East-West of the historical axis of Paris and is visible from the town centre through two other famous arch - triumphal and Carousel. The contrast between old buildings and high-tech business district makes a strong impression. Dream continue the historical axis of the city has arisen in the presidents Pompidou and d'estaing, but was realized only in 1989, under Mitterrand. The competition was attended by 484 project from around the world. The winner was Danish architect Johan Otto von Spreckelsen - dedicated project is not military victory, but the ideas of humanism. The arch represents the high (110 metres) a hollow cube of white Carrara marble and granite, trimmed with glass panels, inside a fiberglass "cloud" on the ropes. Glass elevators rise of tourists to the observation deck on the roof. Now roof access for visitors is closed - perhaps forever.