/ / The castle of Saint-aigulin: photo, description Chateau de Jonzac)

The castle of Saint-aigulin: photo, description Chateau de Jonzac)

The French town of Jonzac is known primarily as a therapeutic thermal Spa. It is located in the Primorsky district of the Poitou - Charentes region, West of the centre of the country. The city is famous for its medieval buildings: churches and ancient castle, towering on a rock above the river dormice.

It is still unknown exactly when this place appeared a defensive structure, however, the Jonzac castle is mentioned in documents of the year 1073, and its first official owner is Guillaume de Roxandra, who lived here in the early XII century. Before the great French revolution, the castle served as residence of the rulers of the city - seniors Saint-aigulin. Among the distinguished guests who stayed here, it is worth noting the Queen of France Anne of Austria, the favorite of cardinal Mazarin and of the "sun king" - Louis XIV.

Modern building belongs to the XVI century, however, there are elements of both the later and, on the contrary, the early centuries. For example, the entrance gate is striking in its monumentality - it is obvious that this is still the legacy of the middle Ages. The same can be said about the lateral tower with its scalloped fortifications on top. On the gate engraved with the date of their construction - the year 1449. I wonder what the other side is another tower, smaller in diameter, which was built much later - only in the XVII century. For defensive purposes, the fortress was also surrounded by several ditches, which were backfilled in the nineteenth century.

The spacious inner courtyard of the castle was completed in 1657, but the surrounding buildings were heavily rebuilt in the XIX century - it was necessary to change the number of floors of the building to comply with adjusted proportions. From that moment until today, here are the County authorities (the South wing) and city hall (North wing). However, some rooms are open to tourist visits. Also allowed to climb the walls and towers of the building, offering amazing views of the town and flowing in this river of dormice.

Surprisingly, the castle of Jonzac, stood in numerous military conflicts on his account, and the hundred years war, and clashes with the Huguenots in the sixteenth century, and riots of the seventeenth century, known as the "Fronde". He also survived the revolution. It is known that it housed the theatre of the Emperor Napoleon III Bonaparte. You should pay attention, which is directly adjacent to the castle, the cloister of the former convent of the Carmelite order, where now is located the municipal archaeological Museum.