/ / Castle Le-Beau: photo description (Chateau des Baux)

Castle Le-Beau: photo description (Chateau des Baux)

The castle of Les Baux currently represents mainly ruins, located on a high mountain ridge. The ruins, however, are marked with a status of a historical monument and have it for over a hundred years. The castle stands near Les Baux - another provençal village, which is included in the list of the most beautiful in France.

Both the village and the landmark are in the Department of Bouches-du-rhône, near Arles and Avignon and just a little further from Marseille and AIX-EN-Provence.

The castle of Les Baux was first mentioned in historical documents Dating from the late X century. It was owned by the family of Les Baux - not the most noble but very powerful and influential, allowing themselves some questions to compete with the counts of Provence. Family owned for almost eight dozen settlements and was known as quite independent, not acknowledging themselves vassals of the draws. Their castle was an impregnable fortress.

Family of Les Baux is not always lived happily ever after: for example, at the end of the XIV century the castle was besieged by the troops of count, but its inhabitants - the last representative of Les Baux Alice and her guardian Raymond Turenne - survived the ordeal. After the death of Alice Les Baux castle came into the possession of the count of Provence, and then was annexed to the lands of the French crown. In the years of the religious wars the castle was captured by the Huguenots and was used as a fortress. In 1623 cardinal Richelieu gave the order to destroy the castle of Les Baux.

The lyrical note in the history of the castle was made by the troubadours, which the family of Les Baux had the patronage and gave shelter. The castle held competitions of singers, poets and musicians. Today the castle is a Museum. You can see some of his premises (tower chapel) and defending its walls. The exhibition presents models of the medieval weapons used during the sieges. Models made in 1:1 scale. Some weapons even give into the hands of the tourists - for example, bows, or demonstrate in front of them a small catapult in action. Also they have representation in the spirit of the middle Ages.

Near the castle is another Museum which presents the history of Les Baux and the main local industry is farming and processing of olives.