/ / Castle of Fontainebleau: photo description (Fontainebleau)

Castle of Fontainebleau: photo description (Fontainebleau)

Castle of Fontainebleau - the Royal Palace about sixty kilometers from Paris. Versailles, of course, known. But the saturation of historical events, the beauty and richness of Fontainebleau, not inferior to him. And visitors here ten times less than in Versailles, there are no crowds, you can walk around in the Park.

The first mention of the castle falls on the reign of Louis VII (1137). It is here at Christmas 1191, Philip Augustus first monarch is already not francs, but France, celebrated the return from the Third crusade. The fortress was rebuilt by the St. Louis, in 1268 the castle Philip was born Beautiful - he died here after falling from a horse. Part of the history of Fontainebleau wrote the Royal ladies lived here, the future Queen of France Jeanne of Burgundy and the Queen of England Isabella French, then signed the marriage contract, the future king John II the Good and the Duchess bona of Luxembourg, who died, and not waiting for the crown.

The heyday of the castle was in the sixteenth century, the era of Francis I, he rebuilt Fontainebleau in the spirit of the Renaissance. The medieval fortress was demolished (with the exception of the curtains) and built a huge Palace, with its long wings. Work led by outstanding Italian masters - the architect Sebastiano Serlio, the painter Rosso Fiorentino. For Fontainebleau, the king bought the Mona Lisa of Leonardo da Vinci, paintings by Rafael, copies of Roman statues, great bronze.

Fontainebleau fell succeeded Francis Henry II was born here most of his children. However, the descendants of Henry as a preferred residences a Cathedral and Blois. However, at the turn of XVI-XVII centuries for the reconstruction of the Palace invited prominent French and Flemish masters Maarten Premine, Ambroise Dubois. Was born the "second school of Fontainebleau", which became a phenomenon of French art.

Fontainebleau tied the biographies of European monarchs: there have signed the marriage contract, the Polish king Wladyslaw IV, here the Swedish Queen Christine killed his squire and lover Monaldeschi, and in 1717 the castle was visited by Peter the Great.

During the Revolution the castle hurt the looting and fires, but in 1804 Napoleon starts to revive it. Here he imprisoned Pope Pius VII, separate the Emperor from the Church, and in 1813 was concluded the concordat, the Church obey the throne of the monarch. To Napoleon it did not help: a year later, in Fontainebleau, he signed his first abdication. 20 APR 1814, in the Palace courtyard, the Emperor said goodbye to his old guard.

Palace born here in the style of French mannerism is magnificent. To the main entrance is a huge ladder-horseshoe. The exposition consists of forty thousand items - from paintings of the great masters from the Royal furniture. Here you can see the very room where Napoleon abdicated the throne, apartments Empress Josephine, Ballroom with murals dedicated to hunting, the Throne room.

The main facade of the Palace overlooks a huge koi pond. Around Park with an area of 130 hectares, the garden of Diana, the English... Even further - the forest of Fontainebleau that inspired the Impressionists and painters of the Barbizon school.