/ / Château de Chambord: photo description (Chateau de Chambord)

Château de Chambord: photo description (Chateau de Chambord)

Chambord castle is the largest in the Loire valley and one of the most famous in France. Appearance he is obliged to his Royal passions, besides it is believed that its architecture had a hand himself, Leonardo da Vinci.

The construction of the castle began in 1519 on the orders of handsome and guira Francis I, who wished to be near to his mistress the Countess Claude de Turi kind of Rohan, who lived nearby. A place for a lock picked the water on the bend of the river Cosson. History has not preserved the name of the architect who performed the whim of the king, but tradition ascribes the part in the design of Leonardo da Vinci.

It is difficult to say to what extent this great artist, scientist, engineer was involved in the project: in France under Royal patronage of Leonardo himself in 1516 and died on 2 may 1519. But the stairs of the castle of the two intertwined spirals bears the imprint of genius: its branches nested within each other so that coming and going it can not meet.

The construction of the castle was one of the greatest engineering enterprises of the French Renaissance. For he has delivered 220 thousand tons of stone, river took in a special ditch in the marshy ground scored dvenadtsatistrunnye oak piles that laid the Foundation. The rectangular castle built around a Central fortified facility, which according to the tradition of the middle Ages called the donjon. Inside the donjon - 5 residential floors. The length of the facade of the castle - 156 meters, it has 426 rooms, 77 staircases, 282 fireplaces.

Francis I have time to hunt in the vicinity of Chambord a few times (mostly in the company of courtiers beauties). In the future monarchs are not too interested in the castle, Louis XIII gave to his brother Gaston of Orleans. Louis XIV undertook the reconstruction of Chambord, and it was here that on 14 October 1670 the great Moliere was first successfully presented to the king his "Gentilhomme". Later lived in the castle of the deposed Polish king Stanislaw Leszczynski. In the revolution, Chambord was looted, Napoleon gave it to Marshal Berthier, during the Franco-Prussian war there was a hospital.

In 1930, the castle was bought by the French state, and in 1939, five days before the announcement of war with Germany, the Museum of the Louvre launched an operation to smuggle art treasures in the countryside. In Chambord, among other works went priceless "Mona Lisa" and Venus de Milo. The Nazis found them, after the war they came back unscathed to the Louvre.

The castle was repeatedly dangers: 22 June 1944, right on his lawn crashed American bomber b-24 in 1945, a fire partially destroyed the roof of the donjon. In 1947 work began to transform the castle into a tourist attraction.

Now Chambord is visited annually by more than 700 thousand tourists. In addition to the magnificent architecture and view from the upper terrace, the visitor has the opportunity to appreciate the amazing tapestries "the Hunt of king Francis" belonging to the first quarter of the XVII century. These works created before the advent of the famous Parisian Royal manufactory of Tapestry.

Note

  • Location: Château Chambord
  • Official website: http://www.chambord.org/
  • Opening hours: open every day except 1 and 31 January and 25 December. From 2 January to 31 March from 10.00 to 17.00 from 1 April to 30 September — from 9.00 till 18.00 from 1 October to 31 December from 10.00 to 17.:00. Cash stop work half an hour before closing.
  • Tickets: tickets cost 11 Euro.