/ / Château de Caen: photo description (Chateau de Caen)

Château de Caen: photo description (Chateau de Caen)

The medieval castle in Caen was built in the year 1060 as a fortress and residence of the Duke of William the Conqueror. After the death of Wilhelm in the ensemble of the castle appeared a few buildings erected by order of his son Henry I., Among buildings of this period is the Church of St. George and the donjon tower. For the construction of the castle was used local stone, which was obtained immediately near the place of construction.

During the hundred years war, the castle was twice captured British troops, but in the end he still left for the French. During the great French revolution the castle was destined to become a prison, the donjon of Henry I, was destroyed, and after the revolution part of the castle was adapted as a barracks.

Large-scale restoration of the castle took place only in the second half of the twentieth century after the Second world war. During it completely destroyed several buildings of the castle and some (such as the Treasury, St. George Church and the Palace of the governors) was severely damaged.

Today in this castle, which was declared a historical monument in the late XIX century, you can see and inspect several buildings and walls which tourists can climb and explore the Kahn with height. The walls of the castle were built in XII-XIV centuries. Originally the castle was surrounded by eleven towers, one of them bears the name of Matilda, wife of William the Conqueror.

From the donjon has been preserved only the Foundation. In the Palace of the governors is now a Museum of Normandy. Another Museum of fine arts is located in a building of modern construction, was built to replace the destroyed. It contains paintings, ceramics and printmaking. You can also see the Church of St. George in the reconstruction of the XVI century and the Treasury, as the remarkable example of secular architecture of the middle Ages.

The castle pharmaceutical garden, which grow plants for medicinal and culinary purposes. This tradition is supported almost since the Foundation of the castle.