/ / Capdenac: photos, description (Capdenac-le-Haut)

Capdenac: photos, description (Capdenac-le-Haut)

Capdenac is a beautiful old village in the South of France, region MIDI - Pyrenees. It is included in the Association "Most beautiful villages of France". The town stands on the river lot.

The first settlements appeared here in prehistoric times, approximately 3,500 years before Christ. During excavations in 1973 was discovered cult figurines of the Mother Goddess, Dating from the Neolithic period. Then this area was chosen by the Gauls. Presumably, it was here were the legendary fortress Alsalloum, besieged by Julius Caesar in 51 BC. Capdenac was captured by the Romans, which left the fortifications to the North of the city. During archeological excavations were discovered Roman pottery and bronze ornaments.

After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, there lived the Visigoths, exiled 530 year the son of king Clovis, then the city was sacked by the Saracens. During the dark Ages, this area has often been a springboard for military action. At the end of the IX century by the Seigneur of Capdenac was Gerald Orlansky, the Royal vassal, patron of the Church is canonized.

From the XI century began the Golden age of this town - the knights Templars and Hospitallers was founded here his residence. Since heretics-Cathars in Capdenac lived, he managed to avoid a bloody crusade against the Albigenses 1209-1229 years. But he had many clashes with the British during the hundred years war, and hundred years later it was captured by the Huguenots during the religious wars, and badly damaged. Then the influence of the town finally came to naught, more significant historical events he did not participate.

In Capdenac preserved many architectural monuments of France. It is worth noting the fountains remaining from the time of the Gauls, the castle of the XIV century, including its main tower, the donjon and defenses, a few houses of the same historical period. In the center of the village stands a stone cross in 1667. The main Cathedral, consecrated in honor of St. John the Baptist, was built in the XVIII century. In total, the city is home to just over a thousand people.