/ / Kassel: photo description (Cassel)

Kassel: photo description (Cassel)

Flanders Kassel is located in the Department of Nord of the region Nord - Pas-de-Calais. One of the nearest cities is Lille. A settlement on place of modern Kassel, was founded by the Celtic tribe of the belgae who in the first century BC were ousted by the Romans. After the uprising of the Celts were suppressed, the city under the control of the Romans began to become a major center of the territory became a Roman province Belgica.

Kassel is on top of a hill with the same name, but the best strategic location did not save it from the raids of the Germans in the third century that actually attacked and destroyed the once prosperous city.

In the IX century, Kassel and Flanders, already included in Neustria become part of the West Frankish Kingdom. The city again began to prosper under the authority of the first count of Flanders Baldwin Iron arm, but prosperous period was interrupted by incursions of the Normans under the pressure of their Kassel was again destroyed. The city was rebuilt in the following century the grandson of Baudouin, He First.

In the XI century in Kassel hosted a major battle in which Robert the Frisian was able to take the descendants of the Iron hand the title of count of Flanders. During his reign Kassel has updated their city walls: the Roman instead of the new one was built.

In the next century, Kassel became twice the site of a major battle in the fourteenth century - between the rebellious peasants and the army of king Philip VI and in the seventeenth century between the French and the Dutch. At the end of the XVII century, Kassel became part of France.

In addition to the city's fortifications in Kassel travelers can appreciate the town hall building, built in the XVI century. Originally the building was the residence of the local feudal Lord, and now in addition to city hall, is the Museum of Flanders. One of the greatest works of Kassel - collegiate Church of our lady in the Crypt, at the altar where a statue of the heavenly patroness of the city. It will be interesting to see a real old windmill, Castel Melun XVIII century.