/ / Cemetery of Montmartre: photo description (Musee d'orsay)

Cemetery of Montmartre: photo description (Musee d'orsay)

Montmartre cemetery was opened after the authorities of Paris had forbidden to bury within the city. In the early nineteenth century around Paris open four new cemeteries: Passy in the West, Père Lachaise in the East, Montparnasse in the South and Montmartre to the North.

The cemetery is located on the site of a former quarry, below the level of the streets (now part of the street Caulaincourt viaduct passes directly over it). When the limestone was mined, and during the revolution and the Paris commune in mass graves they buried the dead.

This is the final resting place of many celebrities, who lived and worked in Montmartre, is popular with tourists. At the entrance you can take a free plan, not to get lost among the 20,000 old vaults and new burials per year in the cemetery appears to 500 graves). The cemetery covers over 11 hectares, it has its own streets and avenues. It is unclear why, but it took a fancy to cats, dozens of them walking about the territory.

The most visited grave is the nation's darling singer Dalida. Here, her gilded monument in full growth, always full of fresh flowers. In the graveyard, composers Adolf Adan, Jacques Offenbach, Hector Berlioz, the inventor of the saxophone Adolphe sax, scientists Andre Marie Ampere and Jean Foucault, dancers Vaslav Nijinsky, Ludmila Cherina, Auguste vestri, artists Edgar Degas, Gustave Moreau, Francis, Polbo, writers théophile Gautier, Heinrich Heine, Alexandre Dumas, Stendhal, the Goncourt brothers. The cemetery is a Cenotaph (an empty tomb) Emile Zola - his ashes were moved here in the Pantheon.

It is believed that it was here, with her mother and stepfather, buried the architect Auguste Montferrand, Builder of Saint Isaac's Cathedral in St. Petersburg. He wanted to lie under the Cathedral, but the Emperor Alexander II not allowed - Montferrand was a Catholic. His funeral was in the Catholic Church of St. Catherine on Nevsky prospect, the funeral cortege carrying the coffin three times around St. Isaac's Cathedral, after which the body of the architect was taken to France.

In the cemetery of Montmartre found the last refuge and the Muse of Toulouse-Lautrec, "Queen of the cancan" Louise Weber, and beloved Dumas, the famous courtesan Marie Duplessis, the prototype of Marguerite Gautier from his novel "the Lady with camellias". It's impossible to list the names of all the celebrities buried here.