/ / The Royal saltworks in Arc-et-Senan: photos, description (Saline royale d'arc-et-Senans)

The Royal saltworks in Arc-et-Senan: photos, description (Saline royale d'arc-et-Senans)

In the woods next to the Sho Besancon is a beautiful neo-classical ensemble of eleven buildings. But this is not a Palace and former Royal saltworks. Such an amazing appearance is an industrial enterprise endowed by the Royal architect Claude-Nicolas Ledoux.

The centre was designed and built in the 70-80-ies of the XVIII century. Subsequently, as conceived by Leda around the factory in the forest Shaw was supposed to be the "ideal city", something resembling the City of the Sun, described a utopian Campanella. However, the city was never built, and because of what happened to the revolution. But the Royal saltworks became a historical monument and was declared a world heritage site by UNESCO. Now in its walls is a Museum of the architect Ledoux. Since the second half of the twentieth century is the restoration of the complex of buildings which have suffered from explosion and lightning.

The construction of the salt works was carried out on the state funds received from the monopoly on salt. Salt in those days was, perhaps, the only preservative used in different industries - from pharmaceutical to tanning, and that's why she was given such importance. Ledoux designed for the saltworks eleven areas which were industrial buildings, home Manager and residential housing for workers. The factory building was located in a semicircle, and place for their construction was selected near salt deposits, known since antiquity.

Salt production in the forest Shaw was closed in 1895, the reason for this was the damage to local plant ecology: salt water started to get into drinking water sources, making them unusable.

After the closure of the complex several times changed its profile: in the last century within its walls housed a barracks and a refugee camp, and building of the salt works served as a backdrop for filming.