/ / La Roche-Guyon: photo, description, La Roche-Guyon)

La Roche-Guyon: photo, description, La Roche-Guyon)

La Roche-Guyon is the only village of the region of Ile-de-France, which is included in the list of the most beautiful small towns of France. It is located in the Department of Val d'oise and is located almost on the border with Normandy.

Settlement on the site of the modern village of La Roche-Guyon was already there at the time of the Gauls and Romans. One of the first buildings here was the Roman Villa and the sanctuary, built by the widow named Plans, a fragment of which can be seen today as part of the nave of the chapel of the castle of La Roche-Guyon. Incidentally, he is one of the main local attractions.

The castle was built on a Peninsula which was washed by the river Seine, at the base of the cliff. The castle was built in the XI century, and a hundred years later, he had structures located at the top of the cliff. Inside the limestone cliffs were broken underground passage, which connected the upper part of the castle from the bottom. The castle had quite a military past and even were captured by the British during the hundred years war, but in the XVI century, the need for it disappeared, and he became a Royal hunting Lodge. During the Second world war the castle served as the headquarters of the German commander field Marshal Rommel.

In the castle complex currently, you can see fragments of earthen ramparts, the donjon of XII century, partially preserved elements of the medieval lower castle, rebuilt in the XVIII century, the courtyard, the remains of other structures.

Another attraction of the village of La Roche-Guyon, called the Church of St. Samson, whose construction was interrupted by the hundred years war and lasted from the early fifteenth to mid-sixteenth century. On one of the squares of the town in 1742, was installed a fountain, created by the architect Louis Villard.