/ / Louvre: photo description (Louvre)

Louvre: photo description (Louvre)

The Louvre was a fortress and Royal Palace, and now he is one of the largest museums in the world, taking a year to 10 million visitors.

Constructed in 1190 under Philip Augustus as a fortress, the Louvre lost its defensive function in the fourteenth century, and the architect of Charles V Raymond du temple began to turn it into a Royal residence. In the sixteenth century, when Francis I, through the efforts of architect Pierre lescot and sculptor Jean Goujon in the medieval Louvre, stood the Palace of the Renaissance. The work continued under Henry II (Hall of the caryatids, the uniform facades in the style of the French Renaissance), during the reign of Charles IX and Henry IV (the gallery connecting the Louvre with the Tuileries). A great influence on the expansion of the Palace had two reign of Louis XIII and XIV: was completed on a Square yard, created the Eastern facade with a colonnade. On architecture and interiors, worked with Jacques Lemercier, Louis-Le-Vo, Nicolas Poussin, Giovanni Francesco Romanelli, Charles Lebrun.

However in 1627 the court moved to Versailles, the Louvre was deserted. Even then, offered to create an art gallery. The collection of paintings, sculptures, jewelry began to take shape even under Charles V. By the XVIII century in the Louvre Museum holds many masterpieces, among which were the works of Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Titian, Raphael, Rubens, Rembrandt. In 1750, for the first time there was opened a hall for public display of paintings from the Royal collection. The French revolution nationalized collection, said to her confiscated Church property, and in 1793 the Museum opened its doors to the public.

Since the collection is constantly replenished - during the time of Napoleon, the Restoration, and so on until the Second world war. Before the war, in 1938, when Germany seized the Sudetenland, the Museum realized that the exhibits need to be saved. Many valuable works of art were sent to the château de Chambord, and when the war started there and in the other castles have transported most of the remaining paintings and sculptures. In early 1945, after the liberation of France, the masterpieces began to return to the Louvre - including the Mona Lisa, Leonardo da Vinci, the Venus de Milo, Nike of Samothrace.

These Louvre pearls and now I admire the tourists from all over the world. The Museum has about 400 exhibits - all in one visit is not to inspect, it is better to identify a few objects or topics. There are plenty to choose: the Louvre has a solid collections of Egyptian, near Eastern, Greek, Etruscan and Roman antiquities (among the unique exhibits of ancient Egyptian statue of a seated scribe and the Pharaoh Ramesses II, the stele with Hammurabi's code), fine collections of Islamic decorative arts, as well as a huge number of paintings, sculptures, prints.

Recent architectural addition is the main entrance in the glass pyramid built in 1989 by the American architect yo Ming Pei. The pyramid has caused controversy because of the sharp contrast with the classical appearance of the Palace, but she helped give the Museum a spacious entrance, without touching the historic building.

Note

  • Location: Cour Napoléon, Paris.
  • Nearest metro: "Palais Royal - Musee du Louvre" lines M1, M7.
  • Official website: http://www.louvre.fr
  • Hours of operation: Monday, Thursday, Saturday, Sunday: from 9.00 to 18.00, Wednesday, Friday: from 9.00 to 21.45, closed on Tuesdays.
  • Tickets: adults 15 euros, children under 18 years stay free of charge.