/ / Marseilles Cathedral of Sainte-Marie-Majeure: photos, description (Cathedrale Sainte-Marie-Majeure de Marseille)

Marseilles Cathedral of Sainte-Marie-Majeure: photos, description (Cathedrale Sainte-Marie-Majeure de Marseille)

When in the mid-nineteenth century, the Emperor Napoleon III decided to demolish the old building of the Cathedral and build in its place a new, the inhabitants of Marseille have resisted and took to the streets. In the end the old building was not completely demolished, was removed only part of it, and next built the new building, which became known as the "new Cathedral".

Cathedral of Sainte-Marie-Majeure in Marseille begins its history around the fifth century with the early Christian religious buildings, in the place which in the XII century was built the Church in Romanesque style (it's the defended Marseilles in 1852).

In the Foundation of a new Church the first stone was laid by the head of state - Emperor Napoleon III. Four decades later this place has grown the Cathedral, which is one of the most spacious and at the same time it could be up to three thousand people. The dimensions of this structure was to emphasize the importance of Marseilles as a port and one of the largest cities of France.

The author of the project "new Cathedral" began Leon Oduye, who died 20 years later after construction began, and his plan was completed by other architects: Henri-Jacques Esperandieu (also, unfortunately, soon deceased) and Henri-Antoine Revoil. The consecration took place in 1897. The last of the architects paid much attention to the exterior and interior of the building: its design was used with a different stone (e.g. Carrara marble and onyx from Tunisia), Venetian mosaic, sculpture, stained glass and much more. The temple was built and decorated in accordance with the traditions of the Byzantine style, which was woven the elements of Gothic and Romanesque architecture.

Currently, the Cathedral is the oldest Church in Marseille. It is located at the Plaza Major. The locals gave him a playful name "pajamas" - colored facade cladding which is made of stone tiles of two colors and, apparently, reminds the Marseillais of the stripes on the pajamas.