/ / The Maison carré: a photo, a description (Maison Carree)

The Maison carré: a photo, a description (Maison Carree)

To see who was dedicated the ancient Roman temple in nîmes, now known as the Maison carrée ("square house"), it took scientists quite a long time, until one of them guessed that the hole in its facade may be the holes from the fasteners with which the letters were attached to the marble.

This brilliant idea came to mind Jean-françois Seghe in 1758. He copied the location of all the holes, and thus was able to reconstruct the inscription on the temple. It turned out that the temple was dedicated to Lucius and Gaius, the beloved grandchildren of the Emperor Octavian Augustus. Their names, the Church was consecrated in the I century BC.

Currently, the Maison carré in France is considered the best preserved temple of the ancient Roman building. Its length is 25 meters and the width shall not exceed twelve. Perhaps, next to the Church was another building, which is the Maison carré created a single architectural ensemble. At the end of the XX century by the architect Norman foster has built a new building for the gallery of modern art, whose name echoes the "square house". This exhibition space called "art Square" and is located opposite the Roman temple. The Maison carrée has played a noticeable role in the Wake of his likeness in France, built many buildings for court sessions, town hall. Some buildings are repeated for square Dom partially and some almost completely - as the Paris Church of St. Magdalene.

In the IV century pagan temple was converted into a Church, perhaps this helped him to avoid destruction. In the XI-XVI centuries, this building housed the consular house, in which sat representatives of the local authorities. Throughout its history, the building has several times changed not only his appointment but also religion. In the X century it briefly served as a mosque, then a Catholic chapel, and one day turned into a stable.

During the great French revolution, the Church not only was not destroyed, the status of the building has increased significantly since the Prefecture district.

In the XIX century Maison carré, like other objects of ancient heritage, have been restored with the return of his historic appearance. Also, the building housed the municipal Museum of antiquities, and today it hosts exhibitions and other cultural events.